A to Z of Physicists (Notable Scientists) by Darryl J. Leiter

By Darryl J. Leiter

One other very important survey within the awesome Scientists sequence, A to Z of Physicists focuses not just at the lives and personalities of these profiled, but additionally on their learn and contributions to the sector. a desirable and critical component to this quantity is the eye paid to the stumbling blocks that ladies and minority physicists have conquer to arrive their own objectives. via incidents, quotations, and images, the entries painting anything of the human face that's frequently misplaced in books on technology and scientists. A to Z of Physicists gains one hundred fifty entries and 50 black-and-white images. Culturally inclusive and spanning the total variety of physicists from precedent days to the current day, this is often a great source for college kids and basic readers drawn to the historical past of physics or the numerous points of the non-public lives of significant physicists.

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New York: Springer Verlag, 1991. Schweber, Silvan S. In the Shadow of the Bomb. : Princeton University Press, 2000. , the probability) of the quantum electrodynamic scattering of positrons by electrons, what is now called Bhabha scattering. He was also the chief architect of India’s atomic energy program, a seminal figure in the development of a world-class cadre of Indian scientists after World War II, and a prominent advocate for the cause of peaceful uses of atomic energy. He was born on October 30, 1909, in Bombay, into a wealthy Parsi family with a long tradition of learning and service to the country.

Hans Albrecht Bethe was born on July 2, 1906, in Strasbourg, Germany (now France), the son of a university professor. He studied at the University of Frankfurt for two years and then transferred to the University of Munich, where he worked under the eminent ARTHUR SOMMERFELD. D. in 1928 for a dissertation on electron diffraction, which continues to be used by physicists for interpreting observational data. During the next five years, Bethe’s work flourished within the exciting European physics world, which was discovering the secrets of the atom through the insights of the new quantum mechanics.

Bethe’s fundamental work on nuclear reactions led him to the discovery of the nuclear processes that supply stellar energy, a problem that had remained unsolved since LORD KELVIN (WILLIAM THOMSON) and HERMANN VON HELMHOLTZ had drawn attention to it 75 years earlier. The riddle was an old one: how has it been possible for the stars, including our Sun, to emit light and heat without exhausting their energy sources? Bethe determined that the most important nuclear reaction in the brilliant stars is the carbon–nitrogen cycle, whereas the Sun and fainter stars mainly use the proton–proton reaction.

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