By W. South Coblin
‘Phags-pa chinese language is the earliest kind of the chinese to be written in a systematically devised alphabetic script. it really is named after its writer, an excellent thirteenth-century Tibetan scholar-monk who additionally served as political adviser to Kublai Khan. ‘Phags-pa’s invention of an alphabet for the Mongolian language is still a very very important accomplishment, either conceptually and virtually. With it he accomplished not anything under the production of a unified script for all the quite a few peoples within the Mongolian empire, together with the crucial Asian Turks and Sinitic-speaking Chinese.‘Phags-pa is of sizeable value for the research of premodern chinese language phonology. despite the fact that, the script is tough to learn and interpret, and secondary fabrics on it are scattered and never simply bought. the current e-book is meant as a pragmatic creation to ‘Phags-pa chinese language experiences and a advisor for examining and analyzing the script. It involves elements. the 1st half is an introductory part comprising 4 chapters. this is often through a thesaurus of ‘Phags-pa chinese language types and their corresponding chinese language characters, including p?ny?n and stroke order indexes to these characters. the 1st introductory bankruptcy outlines the discovery of the ‘Phags-pa writing method, summarizes the key varieties of fabric preserved in it, and describes the ancient and linguistic contexts within which this invention happened. Following chapters element the heritage of ‘Phags-pa reports, the alphabet and its interpretation, and the salient good points of the underlying sound approach represented via the script, evaluating it with these of assorted later sorts of chinese language which were recorded in alphabetic sources.A instruction manual of ‘Phags-pa chinese language could be of exact curiosity to chinese language historic phonologists and students occupied with the historical past and tradition of China and primary Asia throughout the Yuan interval (1279–1368 A.D.).
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Extra info for A Handbook of 'Phags-pa Chinese (ABC Chinese Dictionary Series)
There is however, one further point which requires notice here. North of the Song lay the Khitan empire (907-1119), whose dynastic name in the Chinese histories was Lilio ~. For information on it we rely here primarily on Wittfogel (1949) and Twitchett and Tietze (1994). In 937, before the founding of Song, the short-lived nn 1J Dynasty had ceded to the Khitans an area known as the Sixteen 15 A Handbook of 'Phags-pa Chinese Prefectures (Yanyim shiliuzh5u ifM~+ /\1'['1), which corresponded roughly to the northern part of modem H6bei rEfit Province (Twitchett and Tietze 1994: 70-71).
This paper included a full facsimile of the text from which Ligeti worked, plus a transcription and editorial notes comparing material from the earlier works of Oshibuchi (1930), Dragunov (1930), and Lewicki (1949). Ligeti's article was soon followed by Luo and Cai's book-length study of 'Phags-pa Chinese, where two more full versions of the Baijiaxing were reproduced (1959: 57-82). It was now possible for all interested scholars to work with the Baijiaxing corpus, and Ligeti himself soon produced a new paper dealing with the material (Ligeti 1961).
For example, the letter ~ th-, when written alone, will yield: S2. ~ tha ru ~ The inherent a is overridden by the addition of a vowel sign, which is written below the anchoring consonant. An example is the following, where the vowel sign A 0 has been added: 734. ~ tho ping 1m A medial semivowel can be added between the consonant and any vowel letters or in the presence of inherent a. In the following, the semivowel ~ w has been added between th- and -0: 748. ~ thwo ping ~ Two diacritics or diacritic-like elements may also be added to certain of the vowels to further modify them.